The Russian art of the second half of the 19th century was marked by critical democratic and social realism. In 1870, the cooperative was established for “Peredwishniki” (Wanderer) exhibitions, the exhibitions of which led realism. The influence of “Peredwishniki” on society, art and politics was great. In the case of artists who worked at the end of the 1880s until the early 1890s, the innovations are even more obvious. The impressionism of the Moscow School became a hallmark and remained – despite socialist persecution – until the end of the 20th century. Since the 1890s, the first features of symbolism were evident in Russian art (i.e. Mikhail Wrubel 1856-1910). Symbolism “russified” itself and acquired a national character.
Many painters also left their ateliers and painted in the open countryside. The landscape motif is traditionally patriotic in Russia. It should be a declaration of love to the home. The poetic beauty of certain natural states in the course of the seasons is imitated for the viewer. Furthermore, the artist must have an eye for effective moments. These include the state of the sun in the daytime, the dull moonlight for nightlife and certain weather conditions. The depiction of natural forces is a special challenge. In landscape painting, an intimate angle can be as attractive as the grandiose view of a vast country.
With the biographies on our site we present only a few examples of the artist whose paintings we offer. For a complete list, please contact us.